Who is St Patrick? Unleashing The Journey, Myths, History Around St Patrick’s Day Celebration!


Aditi Narendra

Learn about the history and legacy of who is St Patrick, the patron saint of Ireland, with our comprehensive guide. Discover the origins of St. Patrick’s Day and the fascinating life of the man behind the legend.

What Do We Know About St Patrick?

Saint Patrick, who lived in the fifth century, is revered as the patron saint of Ireland for introducing Christianity to the country. Interestingly, he was born in Roman Britain and not in Ireland. At the age of 16, he was taken captive by Irish raiders and sent as a slave to what is now Northern Ireland. During his enslavement, he worked as a shepherd and developed a deep connection with his Christian beliefs.

Patrick spent six years as a slave, during which he worked as a shepherd and lived in isolation. After managing to escape, he had a dream in which a voice instructed him to leave Ireland. He then embarked on a nearly 200-mile journey from County Mayo to the Irish coast. Following his escape, Patrick had another revelation in a dream, this time from an angel, urging him to return to Ireland as a missionary.

He went to Gaul, where he studied religious instruction under Germanus, Bishop of Auxerre, for over fifteen years. Afterward, he became a  priest. Later on, he propagated Christianity among the Irish people through the sacraments of baptism and confirmation.

What Was the Mission of St. Patrick?

Probably Patrick joined other early missionaries and established himself in Armagh with the aim of evangelizing the indigenous pagans to embrace Christianity. While it’s unlikely that he converted all of Ireland to Christianity, he was successful in winning many converts.

Who is St Patrick


Patrick was familiar with the Irish language and culture, and he incorporated traditional rituals into his lessons rather than trying to eliminate native beliefs.

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This upset the local Celtic Druids, who imprisoned Patrick on several occasions, but he managed to escape each time. He traveled extensively throughout Ireland, establishing monasteries, schools, and churches to aid him in his mission of converting the Irish to Christianity.

Celebration Of St. Patrick’s  Day

St. Patrick devoted around 30 years to his mission in Ireland, after which he retired to County Down. According to tradition, he passed away on March 17th in the year 461 AD, and ever since then, this date has been celebrated as St. Patrick’s Day.

Legends Around St. Patrick’s  Day

Irish culture has a long history of embellishing tales with exciting and imaginative elements, and the legends and myths surrounding St. Patrick’s are no exception. These stories have likely been exaggerated over time, forming a rich tradition of oral storytelling.

There are various legends and myths associated with St. Patrick, including stories of him performing miracles such as raising people from the dead and driving all the snakes from Ireland. Although this may seem unlikely, it is important to note that snakes have never actually been native to Ireland, so this may have been a symbolic tale meant to represent the expulsion of pagan beliefs from the country.

Another popular myth revolves around Patrick’s usage of the three-leafed shamrock to elucidate the notion of the Holy Trinity to the Irish people. This story suggests that Patrick used the shamrock to illustrate how the Father, the Son, and the Holy Spirit can all be distinct entities within the same divine being.

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In commemoration of this tale, many of Patrick’s followers began wearing shamrocks on his feast day, and the color green associated with the plant has remained an important part of St. Patrick’s Day celebrations to this day.

History Around St. Patrick’s Day

St. Patrick’s Day, which is currently celebrated with grand parades and green beer, was not always a boisterous event. It is originally a religious holiday in Christianity, dedicated to Saint Patrick, and continues to hold that significance. The holiday was initially recognized in 1631 as a simple religious observance to honor Ireland’s patron saint.

However, since it fell in the middle of Lent, people started celebrating it as an opportunity to relax and enjoy themselves, breaking away from the restrictions and self-denial of the Lenten period leading up to Easter. Nevertheless, it was not until 1904 that St. Patrick’s Day was declared a public holiday in Ireland.

The current St. Patrick’s Day celebrations that we are familiar with can be traced back to Irish immigrants in the United States. Large-scale parades emerged in major American cities as early as the 1700s, notably in Boston and New York City.

As the population of Irish immigrants in America increased, so did the fervor of St. Patrick’s Day festivities. By the turn of the 20th century, many Americans had adopted the practice of celebrating the holiday on March 17 by wearing green clothing and indulging in traditional Irish fares, such as corned beef and cabbage.

Why We Wear Green During St Patricks Celebration

Although Ireland’s verdant hills might lead one to assume that green has always been its national color, this was not always the case. In fact, for a time, the Emerald Isle was associated with the color blue. This began when King Henry VIII declared himself the king of Ireland in the 1500s and used a blue flag to represent his reign. As a result, Ireland became associated with the color blue as well.

Who is St Patrick

However, during the Great Irish Rebellion of 1641, when the Irish people fought against the English, green was adopted as the color of the flag. This was likely due to the significance of the color in Irish culture, where it has long been associated with the lush landscape of the country. Over time, green became a powerful symbol of national pride and identity for Ireland, and it is now widely recognized as the country’s national color.

During the 1800s, the practice of wearing green clothing became popular among Irish Americans at St. Patrick’s Day parades and celebrations. This was a way for them to express pride in their Irish heritage and cultural identity. Over time, this tradition has endured, and today, wearing green on St. Patrick’s Day is a common way for people of all backgrounds to celebrate the holiday and show solidarity with the Irish community.

St. Patrick’s Day Is A Global Celebration

Every year on March 17th, people around the world celebrate St. Patrick’s Day. While he is the patron saint of Ireland, the United States has turned the holiday into a national festival, complete with large street parades, the dyeing of entire rivers in green, and copious amounts of green beer.

The tradition of St. Patrick’s Day celebrations first arrived in America in 1737, when it was publicly celebrated in Boston. Although many people assume that St. Patrick was Irish, some scholars actually believe that he was Welsh. Despite this uncertainty about his place of origin, St. Patrick has become an important figure in Irish history and culture, and his legacy is celebrated each year by people of all nationalities and backgrounds.

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